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11. Macromoths including Hawk moths, Kittens and Prominents                                           




Photo of  Vapourer by Graeme Davis

Photo of  Eyed Hawkmoth by Graeme Davis

Photo of  Lime Hawk-moth by Graeme Davis

1976  Privet Hawk-moth  Sphinx ligustri

Flying : Mainly June and July

Common in Southern England and South Wales

1979  Lime Hawk-moth  Mimas tiliae

Flying : Mainly May, June; also in April, July, August

Fairly common in Southern England, South Wales and the Midlands

1980  Eyed Hawk-moth  Smerinthus ocellata

Flying : May, June, July

Fairly common in England, Wales and Northern Ireland

1981  Poplar Hawk-moth  Laothoe populi

Flying : May, June, July and August

Common

1984  Humming-bird Hawk-moth  Macroglossum stellatarum

Flying : April to December - most are seen in June, July, August

Immigrant from around the Mediterranean - Common

1991  Elephant Hawk-moth  Deilephila elpenor

Flying : May, June, July, August and September - mainly in June and July

Common

1992  Small Elephant Hawk-moth  Deilephila porcellus

Flying : Mainly in June and July

Less common than Elephant Hawk-moth - found mainly on chalk downs, heaths and sand dunes.

1994  Buff-tip  Phalera bucephala  

Flying : May, June, July and August

Common

1997  Sallow Kitten  Furcula furcula

Flying : May, June, July and August

Poplar Kitten and Alder Kitten (not shown) are very similar to Sallow Kitten but are less common.

1999  Lobster Moth  Stauropus fagi

Flying : April, May, June, July and August - most are seen in June and July

Only common in Southern England and in Wales

1995  Puss Moth  Cerura vinula

Flying : April, May, June, July and August - most are seen in May and June

Common

2000  Iron Prominent  Notodonta dromedarius

Flying : In the South April, May, June, July, August and September
In the North only one generation - mainly in June and July

Common

2003  Pebble Prominent  Notodonta ziczac

Flying : In the South April, May, June, July, August and September
In the North only one generation - mainly in May and June.

Common

2005  Great Prominent  Peridea anceps

Flying : April, May and June,

Only common in Southern England and in Wales

2007  Swallow Prominent  Pheosia tremula

Flying : Usually 2 generations - April, May, June July, August
In the North there may be only one generation - mainly in June, July

Common

2008  Coxcomb Prominent  Ptilodon capucina

Flying : Usually 2 generations - May, June July, August
In the North there may be only one generation - mainly in June, July

Common

2006  Lesser Swallow Prominent  Pheosia gnoma

Flying : Usually 2 generations - April, May, June July, August
In the North there may be only one generation - mainly in June, July

Common

2019  Chocolate-tip  Clostera curtula

Flying : Usually 2 generations - April, May and July, August
In Northern Scotland there may be only one generation - in June

Common only in Southern England.

Small Chocolate-tip, Scarce Chocolate-tip (not shown) are both similar but are rare and have different chocolate spots.

2015  Lunar Marbled Brown  Drymonia ruficornis

Flying : Mainly April and May

Common in Wales and in England as far North as the Midlands. Less common  in Northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Forewing pattern fairly consistent, though shades of grey or brown vary.


2011  Pale Prominent  Pterostoma palpina

Flying : Mainly May, June, July, August

Common

Distinguished by the shape of the dagger mark at the trailing corner of the forewing - wide in Lesser Swallow Prominent, narrow in Swallow Prominent.

2026  Vapourer  Orgyia antiqua

Flying : Mainly June, July, August, September

Common

2030  Yellow-tail  Euproctis similis

Flying : Mainly June, July and August

Common only in England and Wales. Distinguished from Brown-tail moth and White Satin Moth (not shown) by black spots at trailing edge of the forewing.


2033  Black Arches  Lymantria monacha

Flying : Mainly in July and August

Common only in Southern England and Wales.
Varies in intensity of black zig-zag cross-lines.

2028  Pale tussock  Calliteara pudibunda

Flying : Mainly in May and June

Common only in England and Wales

Forewing pattern fairly consistent, though shades of grey or brown vary greatly in the cross-bands.

2037  Rosy Footman  Miltochrista miniata

Flying : Mainly in July and August

Usually given the status of ‘Local’ but fairly common in Southern England and South Wales.

2043  Orange Footman  Eilema sororcula

Flying : Mainly in May and June

Usually given the status of ‘Local’ but fairly common in Southern England.

2044  Dingy Footman  Eilema griseola

Flying : July and August

Only Common in Southern England and Wales

2049  Buff Footman  Eilema depressa

Flying : July and August

Fairly common in Southern England and Wales. Very local elsewhere

2050  Common Footman  Eilema lurideola

Flying : July and August

Common in England and Wales; local in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

2047  Scarce Footman  Eilema complana

Flying : July and August

Fairly common but only in Southern England and Wales

2061  Buff Ermine  Spilosoma luteum

Flying : May, June, July, August - Mainly June and July

Common

2057  Garden Tiger  Arctia caja

Flying : July and August

Common

2060  White Ermine  Spilosoma lubricipeda

Flying : Mainly May, June, July

Common

2063  Muslin Moth  Diaphora mendica

Flying : May and June

Common in England and Wales;less common in Scotland and Northern Ireland

The female has white, translucent wings. The male is grey or grey-brown.

2064  Ruby Tiger  Phragmatobia fuliginosa

Flying : Mainly July and August, but often any time from April to October

Common

2068  Scarlet Tiger  Callimorpha dominula

Flying : June and July - by day and by night

Common only in Southwest England and Southwest Wales - becoming less and less common North and East from there.

2069  Cinnabar  Tyria jacobaeae

Flying : Mainly in May, June, July and August - by night and often by day.

Common only in England and Wales - less common in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

2077  Short-cloaked Moth  Nola cucullatella

Flying : Mainly in July, but sometimes in June or August

Common in most of England and Wales but not in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

2078  Least Black Arches  Nola confusalis

Flying : Mainly in  May and June

Not uncommon in Southern England and Wales - local farther north and in Northern Ireland

Sphingidae

Notodontidae

Arctiidae

Nolidae